Project Tiger is a wildlife conservation venture, launched in India in 1972 to protect Royal Bengal Tiger. An estimate of the tiger population in India, placed the figure around 45,000, at the turn of the 19th century. In 1972, it revealed the existence of 1827 tigers only after the first ever all-India tiger census.
The project was launched in 1973 from the Dhikala zone of Corbett National Park, which is part of Corbett Tiger Reserve. Together with Sonanadi wildlife sanctuary & reserve forest area, Corbett National Park of 521sq km forms Corbett Tiger Reserve which covers 1288.31 sq. kms spreading over three districts of Uttarakhand viz., Pauri, Nainital and Almora.
Ramganga, Sonanadi, Mandal, Palain and Kosi are the major rivers are the most significant hydrological resource flowing through the Jim Corbett National Park. The park shelters lots of endangered species includes 50 mammal species, 549 bird species and 26 reptile species.