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Corbett Tiger Reserve India

Corbett Tourism Services Phone No. : +91-5947-251132

Corbett Tiger Reserve India

Introduction

Project Tiger is a wildlife conservation venture, launched in India in 1972 to protect Royal Bengal Tiger. An estimate of the tiger population in India, placed the figure around 45,000, at the turn of the 19th century. In 1972, it revealed the existence of 1827 tigers only after the first-ever all-India tiger census.

Project Tiger was launched in 1973 from the Dhikala zone of Corbett National Park in India as a part of Corbett Tiger Reserve. Major tourist attractions are stay in Forest rest house, Dhikala Tour, Jeep Safari, Elephant SafariJim Corbett Museum etc. Together with Sonanadi wildlife sanctuary & reserve forest area, Corbett National Park of 521sq km forms Corbett Tiger Reserve which covers 1288.31 sq. kms spreading over three districts of Uttarakhand viz., Pauri, Nainital and Almora.

 

Ramganga, Sonanadi, Mandal, Palain and Kosi are the major rivers are the most significant hydrological resource flowing through the Jim Corbett National Park. The park shelters lots of endangered species includes 50 mammal species, 549 bird species, and 26 reptile species.

The dense Jungles of the Jim Corbett National Park were the private land of the local rulers as the princely state of Tehri Garhwal before the years 1815-20 of the British Rule. The jungles were uninhabited to make the area less unprotected to Rohilla attackers. The Maha Raja of Tehri authoritatively surrendered a division of his princely state to the East India Company in return for their support in ousting the Gurkhas from his state. Even if the actuality that the rights had passed into the British hands, the government compensated modest or no concern for the protection of the park. The single aim was to develop natural resources and take out as many profits as possible from the jungle.

Corbett tiger reserve is located in Ramnager in Nainital district. The distinctive features of the park are

  • It has sub-Himalayan belts
  • It is the best eco-tourism destination
  • It has 488 different species of plants
  • Rich fauna
  • The climate is sub-tropical
  • It has Dhikala, Bijrani, Jhirna, Durgadevi and Sitavani zones.

Wildlife in Corbett National Park

The park is located between 2925' to 2939'N latitude and 7844' to 7907'E longitude. The average height of the region ranges between 360 m (1,181 ft) and 1,040 m (3,412 ft). It has various ravines, ridges, minor streams, and small plateaus with degrees of slopes and changeable aspects. The park covers the Patli Dun valley formed by the Ramganga river. It shields parts of the Upper Gangetic Plains. It has humid subtropical and raised ground weather. The present region of Corbett Tiger Reserve is 1,318.54 square kilometers including 520 square kilometers of middle area and 797.72 square kilometers of reduced area. The center area forms the Jim Corbett National Park while the buffer contains reserve forests area of 496.54 square kilometers, as well as the Sonanadi Wildlife Sanctuary, which includes 301.18 square kilometers. The reserve, situated factually along a valley between the minor Himalaya in the north and the Siwaliks in the south, has a sub-Himalayan belt shape. The higher tertiary rocks are uncovered towards the foundation of the Shiwalik range and firm sandstone units form wide ridges. Characteristic longitudinal valleys, geologically phrased Doons or Duns can be seen shaped along the tapered tectonic zones between lineaments.

Jim Corbett National Park is not only famous for its wildlife exploration but it is also prominent for its natural splendor. The wildlife of Corbett National Park is one of the leading tourist attractions of Uttarakhand. The park is situated at the imperial beauty of Himalayan mountain range. Corbett National Park is known for its individualistic scenic beauty, which is spread over an area of 520.8 sq.km. Corbett is known for its rich and varied flora. The stillness of jungles, flora and highly favorable weather spells magic on wildlife variety in Corbett, for Corbett is kneaded with innumerable wildlife species. Corbett National Park is prominent for its prosperous and varied flora. Corbett National Park is India's wild pride. In this park more that 600 species of trees, herbs, shrubs, bamboos, grasses, ferns, orchids. The essential flora of the Corbett National Park consists of the evergreen Sal, Sheesam, Dhak, Kanju, Pipal, Haldu, Rohini and Mangos trees. The Park is the occasional Simal, Khairthat, Jhingan and flowers in the spring season, just before the starting of summer season. Corbett National Park is one of the famous well saved wildlife National Park in India. Various tourists come every year to see the Fauna of this park. Corbett Tiger Reserve defined various tourism zones inside the park for tourist to view various species of Fauna and enjoy the wildlife totally. The main objective is preserving royal tigers of Bengal. Spanning across a huge region. The park shelters lots of endangered species: 50 mammal species, 549 bird species and 26 reptile species.

Flora

The trees which contribute in the Flora of Corbett National Park consists of evergreen Sal and its combine trees, the Sheesham, the Kanju found extensively on the ridges. Other essential trees in the Corbett National Park are the occasional simal, jhingan and Khair that flourish in spring season just before the starting of summer time. A smooth grassy blank full of herbs and short and tall grasses, which provides the largest part of the grazing for the herbivores. Ardisia solanacea which provide a source of life giving water to all herbivores during the dry months of the year. During spring season many trees burst into bloom, which provides an enchantingly beautiful look to the Corbett National Park.


Fauna

The various species of Fauna is divided into following sub types:

Mammals : Tiger, Leopard, Elephant, Hog deer, spotted deer, Samber, Braking deer, Langoor, Wild boar, and monkeys. 

Birds : Long Tail, White Bush chat, Oriental-Pied, Emerald Dove, Red Wattle Lapwing, the Asian Paradise Flycatcher, Rested Kingfisher, Indian Shirks, Indian Alpine Swift, Woodpecker, Laughing Thrush, Vulture, Parakeet, Kales Pheasant, Oriole, Common Grey Hornbill, Seagull, Duck, Stork, Cormorant, Parrot, Indian Roller and many more. 

Reptiles : Indian Marsh crocodile or Mugger Gharial, King Cobra Common Krait Cobra, Russel Viper and Python. 

Fish : Mahaseer, Troude, Kalimuchi, Goonch, Kalabasu, chilwa and many more.

The park is located between 2925' to 2939'N latitude and 7844' to 7907'E longitude. The average height of the region ranges between 360 m (1,181 ft) and 1,040 m (3,412 ft). It has various ravines, ridges, minor streams, and small plateaus with degrees of slopes and changeable aspects. The park covers the Patli Dun valley formed by the Ramganga river. It shields parts of the Upper Gangetic Plains. It has humid subtropical and raised ground weather. The present region of Corbett Tiger Reserve is 1,318.54 square kilometers including 520 square kilometers of middle area and 797.72 square kilometers of reduced area. The center area forms the Jim Corbett National Park while the buffer contains reserve forests area of 496.54 square kilometers, as well as the Sonanadi Wildlife Sanctuary, which includes 301.18 square kilometers. The reserve, situated factually along a valley between the minor Himalaya in the north and the Siwaliks in the south, has a sub-Himalayan belt shape. The higher tertiary rocks are uncovered towards the foundation of the Shiwalik range and firm sandstone units form wide ridges. Characteristic longitudinal valleys, geologically phrased Doons or Duns can be seen shaped along the tapered tectonic zones between lineaments.

Tourism Zones in Corbett

Jim Corbett National Park is one of the famous wildlife reserves in India and also one of the best wildlife reserves of Asia, covering more than 520 sq km region in the Himalayan foothills as Corbett Tiger Reserve India. Every year thousands of tourists come to this park to enjoy wildlife adventure and nature. There are three special ways to explore the wilderness of Jim Corbett National Park; these are Elephant Safari, Canter Safari, and Jeep Safari. Each of these safaris carries an element of exploitation to it. Corbett Safari tour provides the opportunity to examine a variety of animal species in their natural environment. People from all over the world visit Corbett national park round the year. The convenience of visitors Jim Corbett National Park has been distributed into five tourism zones. These zones are Dhikala Safari Zone, Bijrani Safari Zone, Durga Devi Safari Zone, Jhirna Safari Zone and Sonanadi safari zone.

 

Jhirna Safari Zone

Jhirna is another safari zone located at a distance of 16kms from Ramnagar. Jhirna zone of
Corbett national park is known to host a variety of animals. Sightings of black bear
and leopard and recorded quite frequently in this part of Corbett national park. 
 
Jhirna Safari Zone area is full of natural beauty. The rest house lies on the road from
Ramnagar to Kalagarh that runs in an east-west direction through the Park. Jhirna was a
farming village until 1994 when it was successfully relocated under Project Tiger.
The deserted farmland is gradually reverting to a wild state and is being managed
to develop grassland habitat.
 
The nearby terrain consists of numerous sots and narrow gorges running through typically
Shiwalik landscape. The hills to the north of Jhirna are covered with dense patches of bamboo.
Apart from being a good habitat for tiger, leopard, and deer, the place hosts other charming mammals like sloth bear and wild boar. A variety of birds can also be enjoyed here.

 

 

 

 

Bijrani Safari Zone

Bijrani was the hunting ground for the English rulers. This zone consists of dry forest vegetation with flora and fauna species. Bijrani zone of Corbett National Park is the most preferred zone which permits day visits. The area under Bijrani zone is inundated with pocket-sized water bodies known as Tal in the Hindi language. Pointed with Phool Tal and many seasonal ponds like Kitchar Sot, Khina Sot, Malani Sot, and Reethapani Sot. Other famous roads and places in Bijrani Zone are Jad Pahar, Kichar Road, Cheetal Road, Naya Job, Ringora, Raita Pani, Main Malani, Choti fire line and Badi Fireline. Water whole no. 1 to water whole no.7  very famous for tiger sighting in summer. Batiya no. 1 to Batiya no. 4 are very famous for the big cat's walk. Zero-point and watchtower is the only place where tourists can set down from gypsy.

The rich vegetation of Bijrani attracts a lot of wildlife residents like spotted deer,sambar deer,barking deer, Pada, various types of snakes like python, viper, krait, and the dreaded king cobra also. Various types of lizards also found here in bijrani zone of corbett. Bijrani zone is also famous for tigers sighting and elephants as well. Sloth bears are also found in an inebriated state after consuming Mahua in Bijrani.

To visit Bijrani Zone, it requires permission from the Director's office of Corbett Tiger Reserve. For morning safari you can book in advance and for evening Safari, spots are given on first cum first serve basis. Maximum six persons can be accommodated in one gypsy. Nature guide is compulsory in safari so one naturalist and driver will accompany you in whole the Safari. This is highly advised to book well in advance for bijrani zone as it’s a huge rush for bijrani zone safari round the year and limited vehicles are allowed to go inside the bijrani zone.

 

Durgadevi Safari Zone

Durgadevi Tourist zone in Jim Corbett national park is farthest from Ramnagar at 28 km. You have to get the permit issued by the Jim Corbett national park before you proceed to Durgadevi Zone. Durgadevi Safari zone is a hilly area and is situated along Ramganga river.
This zone has a great verity of avifauna species. Durga Devi Zone is quite popular among bird enthusiasts as it is home to a wide-ranging & unique variety of birds like Grey Headed Eagle and many more. Best time to visit Durga Devi Zone is during mid-November to the end of June.

 

 

 

Dhela Safari Zone

Spread in over seventy square kilometer, Dhela Zone is the sixth eco-tourism zone of Corbett National Park opened for tourist since 2014. The zone is about 18 kilometres from the Ramnagar, just before Jhirna tourism zone of Corbett National Park. Along with rich flora and bird population, Dhela Zone also has a healthy population of tigers, bears, elephants and leopards. Dhela Zone of Corbett national Park has the distinction of seeing seven tigers once in Corbett Tiger Reserve’s seventy-five-year history. In comparison with other zones of Jim Corbett Park, tigers here are found to be larger in weight, length and height.

For safari, there are overall two trails along with Large meadows and the Watch Tower built to see wild animals from far away gives tourists an opportunity to see wild animals along with the Big Cat. stroll around three to four km in the wild. Tourist can also stay at the Dhela Forest Rest House. A big grassland area named ‘Laldhang’ is main attraction of this zone where tourists can spot wild pigs, Neelgai, and birds during jeep safari.

Best time to visit : October to Mid June

Sitavani Safari Zone

Sitavani is most popular tourist zone because of its mention in the Hindu epic, Ramayana. The legend says that goddess Sita spent some days of her exile in Sitavani. The entire place is protected and maintained by Archaeological Survey of India (ASI). Sitavani is now renamed as Corbett Landscape as a partially restricted wildlife safari zone.

Sitavani forest zone has various species of trees, herbs, grasses and wetland vegetation. Common flora of this zone are Sal, Sheesham, Kanju, Dhak, Haldu, Pipal, Mangos trees etc.

Sitavani is a excellent spot and natural habitat of tigers, elephants, deers, sambhars, barking deers, porcupines, and king cobras. It’s also a paradise for bird watchers; one can see birds like emerald dove, white bush chat, oriental-pied, red wattle lapwing, rested kingfisher etc.

Sitavani Zone can be visited throughout the year.

Dhikala Safari Zone

Dhikala is the most well known of the destinations in Corbett national park. It is situated at the edge of the broad Patli Dun valley through which the Ramganga flows in various channels.Dhikala safari zone is the most fashionable and demanded zone of Corbett national park amongst tourists.Dhikala zone is located along the Ramganga River and Ramganga reservoir which is the most important source of water for mammals at Corbett Park. Dhikala safari zone is a wonderful spot, where you can spill your heart, mind, body, and soul to Nature.Dhikala offers a remarkable continual panoramic view of the valley, with the Kanda ridge in the backdrop. This sight appears all the more imposing from the watchtower near Dhikala.

Dhikala is also the biggest tourism zone in Corbett national park. The safari starts from the moment one enters the Dhangari gate. It has various safari routes like sambhar road, Ram Singh Road, champion road, Kamar Patta, Thandi Sadak, Pahli Puliya, etc. Overall varied wildlife, amazing landscapes, and availability of natural water throughout the year make Dhikala the favorite amongst tourists visiting Corbett national park. The Tourist complex on Dhikala chaur (one of the last large meadows of the Park) and Phulai chaur. A reader through the numerous paths through chaurs is rewarded by the explanation for the wild elephants, chital, the stag of pigs, and many variety birds of the meadows and the raptors. Old convalescent home in Dhikala is a chronological structure, having been built more than a hundred of existence.

 

 

 

Garjiya Safari Zone

Proposal sent by The Director Mr. Rahul Singh of Corbett Tiger Reserve has been approved by Chief wildlife warden and ‘Garjiya’ is added as a new safari zone of Corbett National Park since November 2020.

Garjia Tourism Zone has rich population of Royal Bengal Tigers and offers a great sighting to its visitors. Entrance to this zone is Amdanda gate which is just 2 Kilometres from Ramnagar. Tourist can enjoy Full day jeep safaris by staying in Forest Rest House of Garjiya Zone.

Garjia and Malani forest rest house are two wonderful loading choices in the Garjia zone where you can enjoy a relaxed stay. 

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